The Kalam Cosmological Argument | John Ankerberg Show

The Kalam Cosmological Argument

By: John Ankerberg Show
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William Lane Craig is an American Christian apologist known for his work on the philosophy of time and the philosophy of religion, specifically the existence of God and the defense of Christian theism. He has made contributions to the philosophy of religion, and his defense of the Kalam cosmological argument is the most widely discussed argument for the existence of God in contemporary Western philosophy.

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Keywords: Dr. William Lane Craig, Proof for Christianity, Kalam Cosmological Argument

The Kalam Cosmological Argument

with Dr. William Lane Craig
(Courtesy ReasonableFaith.org)

Does God exist?

Or is the material universe all that is, or ever was, or ever will be?

One approach to answering this question is the Cosmological Argument.

It goes like this…Whatever begins to exist has a cause.The universe began to exist.Therefore, the universe has a cause.

Is the first premise true? Let’s consider…

Believing that something can pop into existence without a cause is more of a stretch than believing in magic. At least with magic you’ve got a hat and a magician.

And if something can come into being from nothing, then why don’t we see this happening all the time?

No… Everyday experience and scientific evidence confirm our first premise—If something begins to exist, it must have a cause.

But what about our second premise? Did the universe begin or has it always existed? Atheists have typically said that the universe has been here forever-“The universe is just there, and that’s all.”

First, let’s consider the second law of thermodynamics. It tells us the universe is slowly running out of usable energy… and that’s the point.

If the universe had been here forever, it would have run out of usable energy by now. The second law points us to a universe that has a definite beginning.

This is further confirmed by a series of remarkable scientific discoveries…

In 1915, Albert Einstein presented his General Theory of Relativity. This allowed us, for the first time, to talk meaningfully about the past history of the universe.

Next, Alexander Friedmann and Georges Lemaître, each working with Einstein’s equations, predicted that the universe is expanding.

Then, in 1929, Edwin Hubble measured the red shift in light from distant galaxies. This empirical evidence confirmed not only that the universe is expanding, but that it sprang into being from a single point in the finite past. It was a monumental discovery—almost beyond comprehension.

However, not everyone is fond of a finite universe… So, it wasn’t long before alternative models popped into existence. But, one by one, these models failed to stand the test of time.

More recently, three leading cosmologists—Arvind Borde, Alan Guth, and Alexander Vilenkin—proved that “any universe which has, on average, been expanding throughout its history cannot be eternal in the past, but must have an absolute beginning.”

This even applies to the multiverse, if there is such a thing.

This means that scientists “can no longer hide behind a past-eternal universe. There is no escape, they have to face the problem of a cosmic beginning.” Any adequate model must have a beginning, just like the standard model.

It’s quite plausible, then that both premises of the argument are true. This means that the conclusion is also true—the universe has a cause.

And since the universe can’t cause itself, its cause must be beyond the space-time universe. It must be spaceless, timeless, immaterial, uncaused, and unimaginably powerful. Much like… God.

The Cosmological Argument shows that, in fact, it is quite reasonable to believe that God does exist.

Read more: http://www.reasonablefaith.org/transcript-kalam-cosmological-argument#ixzz2e7j2wum0

John Ankerberg Show

John Ankerberg Show

Founder and president of The John Ankerberg Show, the most-watched Christian worldview show in America.
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igoreHuseyn Qurbanov. Baku. AzerbaycanRichard R. Recent comment authors
igore

The most serious problem with the KCA and which is not addressed by WLC is this. (if you don’t understand this then you may need to learn more about the KCA as proposed by WLC) WLC asserts that there is only one way out of the dilemma in which an event is caused by a changeless and eternal causer. That way out is Agent Causation in which the Agent is free. But the First Causer or Disembodied Mind is the Agent. So it is the Agent that exists changelessly (and thus not free) and alone and thus in a static… Read more »

Huseyn Qurbanov. Baku. Azerbaycan
Huseyn Qurbanov. Baku. Azerbaycan

Logically complete cosmological concept. /due to lack of knowledge of the English language was not able to correct the translation Implemented by Google/ In order to present the unlimited space originally Elementary: 1. variety (homogeneous) сompleted – enough to postulate the presence in it of two elements with SIMPLE and COMPLEX /closed systematically manifested the essence/ 2. heterogeneous completed – enough to postulate the presence in it of one more element – the Most High and Almighty God – with open exhibited systemic nature. Not hard to imagine that even at the lowest possible deployment intangible components the nature of… Read more »

Richard R.
Richard R.

Excuse me. Could you please explain what you just said in English?
Thank you and God bless.

Huseyn Qurbanov. Baku. Azerbaycan
Huseyn Qurbanov. Baku. Azerbaycan

Cosmological concept which is complete from logical point of view Initial composition of boundless space from the point of view of element: 1.It is suffucient to declare existence of two elements, SIMPLE and COMPLEX, possesing closed systemic appearance in order to imagine different (homogenous) and completed one. 2.It is sufficient to declare existence of Lord and Almighty in other element, possesing non-closed systematic appearance in order to imagine it as different and incomplete as heterogenous (in other words: various type). It is not difficult to presume that simple and complex compression is happened in possible minimal widening from permanent widening… Read more »


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