The Facts on Roman Catholicism (Harvest House, 1993), p. 24
What does the Roman Catholic Church teach regarding the Rosary?
According to Tradition, the Rosary supplies a Catholic with spiritual power, as well as many blessings and graces from God. Pope Paul VI affirmed in his apostolic exhortation Marialis Cultus (February 2, 1974) that the Rosary was the pious practice which is “the compendium of the entire gospel.”* Thus, he emphasized “the Rosary should be considered as one of the best and most efficacious… prayers that the Christian family is invited to recite.”*
The Rosary is made up of both mental prayer and vocal prayer. In mental prayer the participant meditates on the major “mysteries” (particular events) of the life, death, and glories of Jesus and Mary. The vocal aspect involves the recitation of fifteen “decades” (portions) of the “Hail Mary” which involves contemplating fifteen principal virtues that were practiced by Jesus and Mary. One Catholic author writes, “… the Rosary recited with meditation on the mysteries brings about the following marvelous results: it gradually gives us a perfect knowledge of Jesus Christ; it purifies our souls, washing away sin; it gives us victory over all our enemies…. It supplies us with what is needed to pay all our debts to God and to our fellow men, and finally, it obtains all kinds of graces for us from almighty God.”*
*For full documentation, please see The Facts on Roman Catholicism.